There are no current DIPD engagements in Honduras
The mountain rich country on the gateway between North America and the South has had a multiparty system and strived to become a democracy since 1982. However the military is still a powerful force behind the scene and the Honduran people are disillusioned by the corruption of the democratic system and their country’s fragile economic situation, which keeps the majority of the Honduran people in poverty.
The deep discontent and frustration with the state of democracy in Honduras has led to public pressure for a rewriting of the constitution. In 2009 the then president Manuel Zelaya took steps to convene a constituent assembly. However this initiative led to a constitutional crisis culminating in a military coup.
In 2009 the president Manuel Zelaya was surprised an early morning in his bed by the military and escorted out of the country in his pajamas. Subsequently his parliament voted him out of office. The military coup in 2009 led to the exclusion of Honduras from the Organization of American States. It also became the starting point of a mobilization of a political resistance movement, The National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP).
The presidential elections following the coup in 2009 were characterized by severe violations of human rights. They led to an overwhelming election of President Porfirio Lobo.
The military coup has split the Honduran population in two and President Lobo has prudently begun addressing the polarization, political violence and impunity. He has also invited the deposed president Zelaya back to Honduras. The negotiations before Zelaya’s return called the Cartagena Accords included a call for the Lobo government to approve of the transformation of the National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP) into a political party, Liberty and Renewal. The party is still not recognized but is preparing to compete in future elections with the wife of the former President Zelaya as a front figure. The party is also still calling for a rewriting of the Honduran constitution.